“Adverse Childhood Experiences and Justice-Involved Youth: The Effect of Trauma and Programming on Different Recidivistic Outcomes.” Kowalski, Melissa A. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, Nov. 2018.
Studies have demonstrated that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are prevalent in justice-involved youth and related to recidivism. However, the effect of programming on reducing reoffending for youth with a trauma history is not well researched. This study aims to examine the prevalence of ACEs across different subsets of justice-involved youth, as well as the impact of family-based programming and aggression replacement training (ART) for youth exposed to ACEs. Findings outline the need to give ACEs serious consideration in the juvenile justice system, as these trauma experiences can inform case management and programming.
“The Prevalence of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) in the
Lives of Juvenile Offenders” Baglivio, Michael T.; Epps, Nathan; Swartz, Kimberly, Huq, Mona Sayedul; Sheer, Amy; Hardt, Nancy S. Journal of Juvenile Justice, Volume 3, Issue 2, Spring 2014.
This study examines the prevalence of ACEs in a population of 64,329 juvenile offenders in Florida. This article reports the prevalence of each ACE and assigns an ACE composite score
across genders and a risk to reoffend level classification, and compares these with ACE studies conducted on adults. It
discusses gender differences in ACE exposure and discusses the Positive Achievement Change Tool (PACT), a fourth-generation actuarial risk/needs assessment designed to assess a youth’s overall risk to reoffend.